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A. Orlov's Visit to Fort Elizabeth, 

Kauai, Hawaii

At some time in the past there were three Russian forts on the Hawaiian island Kauai . Two forts, Alexander and Barclay, were situated on the Hanalei River on the northshore of the island. Nothing remains of these structures. Fort Elizabeth was built on a bluff overlooking the Waimae River.

Most of the information on this page was abstracted from Russian Culture with Linda Delaine website, a subweb of "About" web. The "About"  web tells about various places of the world offering expert stories and opinions. Linda Delaine's full story about Russian forts in Kauai, including Fort Elizabeth, can be found at http://russianculture.about.com/culture/russianculture/library/weekly/aa042798.htm.

The first known explorer to have visited the island was the English explorer and sailor, Captain James Cook. He arrived on Kauai in 1778. The Russian explorers first ventured towards North America in 1648. They wanted to find out if their two continents connected. 

Waimae River

Fort EntranceFort Elizabeth used to be here.

 

        

                            Environs of Fort Elizabeth today

 

 

Construction of Fort Elizabeth, on the mouth of the Waimea River, was begun on September 12, 1816. It was named for the wife of Tsar Alexander I {emperor of Russia, 1801-1825}. The walls were constructed of three layers. The first was an earthen embankment which was covered by the second layer of stone, more earth and rubble. The third and final layer was hard packed earth with a stone walkway on top. The finished walls of the eight pointed, star shaped fort were twelve feet high with a total diameter of some 300 feet. Inside the fort there was a trading house, guardroom, magazine, barracks and cannon emplacements. 

Alexander Orlov visited the site of Fort Elizabeth in September of 2000. He found a flagpole among the ruins of the Fort Elizabeth, and raised the Russian flag there. The flag was raised, but unfortunately the picture with it on top of the pole did not develop.

       

 

 

For more information on Russia go to Russian Culture with Linda Delaine website that can be found at http://russianculture.about.com/culture/russianculture/mbody.htm.

 

 

 

 

 

  Art Shvetsov 2000-2003